Tamil; More info. There are three main types of deity propitiated in a village. Pushkala (on his left) is yellow complexioned and holds a noose in her right hand. Albany: State University of New York Press. Oriental Institute, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. Villages, especially in Tamil and Telugu regions, will also have a guardian deity: a male deity who protects the village from harms like war or famine or other evils. Any of these deities can be considered a kuladevata. If there is a pestilent disease spreading in the area, the villagers, who see the deity as the controller of those diseases, will organize a festival to please or appease their deity. In keeping with the times, often statues of policemen with modern rifles, dogs, security guards or anyone associated with providing protection as such, accompany huge Ayyanar idols. All these pieces are modeled, fired and decorated during the elaborate festival that takes place in spring season. Names Similar to Ayyanar Iyyanar Aiyanar Aiyenar Annar Anwaar Anhaar Ayhner Ayanraj Anar Anaar Agnar Annwar Agner Ynyr The purpose of this list is to help parents in choosing names for newborn baby. [36][37] Another important association is the presence of Karuppa samy in the worship of both deities. They described the gods and goddesses of folk tradition either as subservient to Brahminical deities or they venerated these deities as capable of curing most potent contagious diseases. [40] The attendant priest for Aiyanar is generally from the potter caste who fashions idols and clay horses, although it is not uncommon for priests from other castes to officiate in the Ayyanar temples. He protects villagers, their cattle and harvest; he bestows the monsoons, and drives away evil spirits. In another instance, there were no rains and all the water bodies dried up. Your email address will not be published. Origin / Tag / Usage. [2] Several couples who have lost their lives due to caste animosity are worshipped as deities in several villages. [17] Sinhala buddhists of Sri Lanka praise him in the form of a folk deity called Ayyanayake to the date.[18]. [1] Village goddesses can have different personalities. In Telugu regions, the deity sometimes has no permanent shrine, but a temporary pandal. The worship of these gods at many times contradicts the common tenents of Brahminical traditions, especially in customs of animal sacrifice, right of priesthood, and possession by a goddess. The horse is another mount abundantly seen in his local temples. In the Deccan Plateau, the first art forms for the fertility goddess appeared between the 8th and 4th century BCE, before the recorded arrival of other traditions like Buddhism, Jainism and Brahminism into the region.[1]. Then, the animal is led to the shrine, and is restrained. Kannaki Amman is Kannagi from the Silappadikaram, whose husband was unjustly killed by the Pandyan king, is another widely-worshipped deity of this category. Ayyanar and his retinue of 21 gods are worshipped as protective deities in Tamil Nadu. [1], Other records on Ayyanar tell that he is accompanied by his two wives popularly known as Purana and Pushkala. The Maachani Amman temple at Pollachi was built to worship a young girl who was killed by a Kongu king for unknowingly eating a mango from his garden. In the early centuries BCE, village goddesses are represented with various symbols such as the chakra (wheel), srivatsa (an unending knot), and trishula (trident), all of which have parallels in the Indus Valley civilization. [38], Many temples are dedicated to Ayyanar can be seen all over South India as well as Sri Lanka. All Rights Reserved. Since Sastha is the synonym of Buddha, some researchers assume Chattan could have entered the Tamil country with Buddhism. Introduction to Archetype Ayyanar Ayyanar is a village God worshipped in the state of Tamil Nadu. Others are vengeful and angry, and will unleash terror on the village unless they are propitiated. From the Chola period (9th century) onwards the popularity of Aiyanar became even more pronounced and so many bronze images of him are available from this period. These deities have been linked back to common Indus Valley civilization imagery, and could represent the prevailing Dravidian folk religion at the time. In northern Tamil Nadu, this deity is called Aiyyanar, while in southern Tamil Nadu, he is known as sasta. Consistent with this practice, terracotta horses are usually placed outside the temple. Once, the guardian deity was riding his horse and passing through the Chithakoor village in the Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu. Temples dedicated to Gandhari (mother of the Kauravas), Kunti (mother of Pandavas) and Aravan (the son of Arjuna and the serpent princess Ulupi) are also found in Tamil Nadu.

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