In cultivated areas, striped skunks will dig their dens in fencerows, likely because they are less likely to be disturbed by machinery or livestock. Wade-Smith, J. The story behind a charming piece of Fender guitar anatomy. [13] The meat was prized by Chinese immigrants, who also bought skunk gall bladders for medicinal purposes. They have a long history of association with humans, having been trapped and captively bred for their fur[4] and kept as pets. Anatomy: Wild skunks are black and white, but the patterns vary. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [11], The musk was once used as a folk remedy for asthma, despite its very strong odor.[12]. [17], The striped skunk is commonly featured in the myths and oral traditions of Native Americans. As a defensive technique, the spray is very effective. [10], The color patterns of the fur vary greatly, but generally consist of a black base with a white stripe extending from the head which divides along the shoulders, continuing along the flanks to the rump and tail. [16], The fat was once reputed to make an excellent lubricant. Southern and western Texas, eastern New Mexico, and adjacent parts of Mexico; north into Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. The most frequently consumed insects include grasshoppers, beetles, crickets, and caterpillars. [10] Brown or cream-colored mutations occasionally occur. Its fur is typically black with a white “V” down the back, and it has a white bar between the eyes, as does the rare hooded skunk (M. macroura) of the southwestern United States. [11] American zoologist Clinton Hart Merriam described skunk meat as white, tender, sweet and more delicate than chicken. The common striped skunk is found from central Canada southward throughout the United States to northern Mexico. In guitar terminology, skunk stripe refers to the thin walnut strip running down the back of the necks of many Fender instruments. Although it will forage for short periods in winter, it primarily depends on its fat reserves in cold weather, and can lose as much as 50% of its body weight. The reproductive organs in the female striped skunk are a vagina, a urogenital sinus, a uterus, paired oviduct, ovaries, and uterine horns, and the reproductive organs in a male striped skunk consist of a penis, a urogenital sinus, a prostate gland, paired vas deferens, epididymides, an os baculum, and scrotal testes. The hog-nosed skunks (genus Conepatus) of North America can be larger than striped skunks, but those of Chile and Argentina are smaller. [15], The striped skunk inhabits a wide variety of habitats, particularly mixed woodlands, brushy corners and open fields interspersed with wooded ravines and rocky outcrops. In winter it is common for a single den to be occupied by multiple females and a single male. They are also host for the canine parvovirus and may also suffer from leptospirosis. [10], The striped skunk may dig its own dens, though it will appropriate those abandoned by other animals should the opportunity present itself. By Jeff Owens. The striped skunk Mephitis mephitis is about the size of a cat, but has a stout body, a rather small head,... Habitat and Habits. A similar, but less significant, secondary contact occurred when the same subclade intermingled with members of the eastern phylogroup east of the Mississippi river. Some populations, particularly in northwestern Illinois, prefer cultivated areas over uncultivated ones. Western Canada, from Manitoba to British Columbia; south in the United States to Colorado, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Males during this period will cover much ground in their search for females, sometimes covering 4 km (2.5 mi) per night. In G. Feldhamer, B. Thompson, & J. Chapman (Eds., Revision of the skunks of the genus Chincha, Wild Mammals of North America; biology, management and conservation, Life-histories of northern animals : an account of the mammals of Manitoba, Fur-bearing animals: a monograph of North American Mustelidae, in which an account of the wolverene, the martens or sables, the ermine, the mink and various other kinds of weasels, several species of skunks, the badger, the land and sea otters, and numerous exotic allies of these animals, is contributed to the history of North American mammals, The mammals of the Adirondack region, northeastern New York, "The chemistry of defense: theory and practice", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Striped_skunk&oldid=986711107, Articles containing Eastern Abnaki-language text, Articles containing Chipewyan-language text, Articles containing Chilcotin-language text, Articles containing Wyandot-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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