The first municipal bankruptcy legislation was enacted in 1934 during the Great Depression. Part 2, Chapter 9, The Need for Small Blocks Summary and Analysis. Section 109(c) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code provides that a municipality may be a debtor in a Chapter 9 bankruptcy case only if the municipality is specifically authorized to be a debtor by State law, or by a governmental officer or organization empowered by State law to authorize the municipality to be a debtor. In a letter of response, Dr. Van Helsing tells Dr. Seward that his affairs will allow him to come immediately, and that he is happy to do Dr. Seward a favor since Dr. Seward once saved his life. Chapter 9, Title 11, United States Code is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, available exclusively to municipalities and assisting them in the restructuring of their debt. 251, 73d Cong., 2d Sess., 48 Stat. Dr. Seward records in his diary that early on the morning of September 10th, he was awakened by the gentle hand of Dr. Van Helsing, and together they went to visit Lucy. Seward cannot tell Lucy's mother about the problem because of the old woman's heart condition. Van Helsing places other bits of garlic around the room, and when they leave he tells Dr. Seward that he will be able to sleep peacefully tonight since all is well. Shmoopsters, we'd like you to meet Francisco and his family. In addition to focusing on bloodsucking, these chapters include other examples of the Vampire-Gothic tradition. He is only a shadow of his former self, and he remembers very little of what has happened to him; he suffered a terrible shock, and his brain has a mental block against whatever caused his present condition. In emergencies, however, any blood is usually given to a patient if a transfusion will, hopefully, save a life. Dr. Seward sends telegrams on the 4th, 5th, and 6th of September to Dr. Van Helsing, the final one being a desperate plea for Dr. Van Helsing to visit Lucy, for her condition has become much worse. 1309 (1936). At midnight, Dr. Seward records another change in the patient. two punctures, not large, but not wholesome looking." LEGAL. This was addressed with the classification of these bonds as "special revenues" under the newly minted § 928(a) and § 922(d) exemption of special revenues from the automatic stay provisions of § 362.[14]. He does not speak to anyone, even when he is offered a kitten or a full grown cat as a pet. Jonathan Harker's journal ended on the 30th of June, and it is still with him in the hospital, sealed and to be opened and transcribed later by Mina. L. No. Then, the next day, he telegrams Dr. Seward to inform him that he has been called to his father's bedside, where he wants Dr. Seward to contact him. Because municipalities are entities of State governments, the power of the bankruptcy court is limited to some extent by the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Also, she notes that her mother's health is declining. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# While in many ways similar to other forms of bankruptcy reorganization (esp. He recalls the conversation of the evening before, when Lucy told him she did not like to go to sleep because "all that weakness comes to me in sleep." Paul Revere starts a spy network as promised, and it expands quickly. Either purchase below, or click on the video below to learn more. Suggest a Title. Consequently, Dr. Seward is able to write to Arthur Holmwood on the 3rd of September that Dr. Van Helsing has already seen Lucy and that he too is concerned about her condition, yet he has not said what is wrong with Lucy, except that there is no apparent functional cause of her illness. In the afternoon, Van Helsing is with Lucy when the professor opens a large bundle. Dr. Seward is anxious to know as much as possible about the case, but Van Helsing thinks that it is too premature to discuss it. Van Helsing tells her that he is not joking; he says that the garlic is a special garlic, coming all the way from Haarlem (a town in Holland). As a wedding gift, Mina took the notebook, wrapped it, tied it, and sealed it in wax, using her wedding ring as the seal, saying that she would never open it unless it were for his — Jonathan's — sake. The same thing, in a perverted sense, can be said for Lucy's blood, which is given to her "demon lover," the vampire. Calif.). Chapter 4: The story of the bald-headed man, Chapter 5: The tragedy of Pondicherry Lodge, Chapter 6: Sherlock Holmes gives a demonstration, Aiming high: Commenting on changes in character, Chapter 12: The strange story of Jonathan Small. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. bookmarked pages associated with this title. This time, Dr. Seward is the only person available for giving blood, and he does so, "for the woman he loved." He has more sugar now and is reaping quite a harvest of flies, keeping them in a box as he did earlier. Rising, Renfield dusts the sugar and crumbs from his ledge, tosses all his flies out the window, and says, "I'm sick of all that rubbish." To prevent overlap with Chapter 11, § 101(41) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (11 U.S.C. When she awoke in the morning, she was pale, and her throat pained her severely. When Renfield sees Dr. Seward, he tries to attack him, but is restrained. Three states (Colorado, Illinois and Oregon) grant a very limited authorization to file for bankruptcy. The Circuit Summary. After awhile, the transfusion restores color to Lucy's face, while Arthur, meanwhile, grows paler and paler. Johnny is assigned to spy on Colonel Smith and the other officers who live at the Afric Queen. The next morning (September 8th), Seward thinks Lucy looks better. Recall that Arthur declares, "My life is hers, and I would give the last drop of blood in my body for her." Other Resources. Privacy Policy. § 101(41)) defines the term "person" to exclude many "governmental units" as defined in § 101(27), and "municipality" as defined in § 101(40). [2], From 1937 to 2008 there were fewer than 600 municipal bankruptcies. When they reach Lucy's room, Dr. Seward is horrified by Lucy's ghastly pale, white face, the prominence of her bones, and her painful breathing. Van Helsing has to leave, and so he orders Seward to stay all night and watch over Lucy. On the 2nd of September, Dr. Seward writes to Arthur Holmwood that Lucy's health does not conform to any malady that he knows of, and that Lucy is somewhat reluctant to have him examine her completely. Upon following his gaze, Seward can see nothing, however, but an exceptionally large bat. Arthur Holmwood writes to Dr. Seward on the 31st of August, asking him to visit Lucy and examine her. 13-53846-swr, U.S. Bankr. Case no. On the night of the 25th, she writes that she awoke around midnight to the sound of something scratching and flapping at the window. Sister Agatha, who has attended him, has told Mina that he raved and ranted about dreadful and unspeakable things, so dreadful that she often had "to cross herself." Dr. Seward is concerned about her "somewhat bloodless condition" because there are no signs of anemia. Lucy Westenra, (on the 24th of August) records in her diary that she has been dreaming, as she did earlier at Whitby (she is now at Hillingham, another of the houses which her family owns). [24], Certain politicians and scholars have argued that the law should be amended to allow states to file for bankruptcy. See Title 11, United States Code, Section 901. Again they examine the little punctures in her throat; the wounds now have a "ragged, exhausted appearance at their edges.". [5] Since 2010, 61 petitions have been filed. At an unexpected moment, however, Renfield escapes. [1] States are therefore unable to file for bankruptcy, even though they have defaulted in their obligations. Thus he gives the journal to Mina and says that if she wants to read it she may, but he never wants to read it lest it cause some horror in their married life. [20] In 23 states, Chapter 9 authorization laws are either unclear or otherwise prohibited for municipalities. Of course, Stoker is playing on the notion of a lover's life's blood. He is only a shadow of his former self, and he remembers very little of what has happened to him; he suffered a terrible shock, and his brain has a mental block against whatever caused his present condition. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. That night, Lucy recorded in her diary how safe she feels with Dr. Seward sleeping close by. He responds, "I don't take any stock in cats. [7] During the Great Depression, this approach proved impossible, so in 1934, the Bankruptcy Act was amended to extend to municipalities. View All Titles. Renfield grows strangely calm, and Dr. Seward becomes aware that Renfield is staring at something in the moonlit sky. Mina informs Lucy that she and Jonathan have decided to get married immediately, and, that very afternoon, the marriage ceremony was performed. Dr. Seward skeptically observes all of this, wondering if Van Helsing is "working some spell to keep out an evil spirit." . They found her — horribly white, with shrunken gums, lips pale and blue, and looking as though she were a corpse. 304 U.S. 27 (1938)(holding the Municipal Corporation Bankruptcy Act constitutional under both the Fifth and the Tenth Amendments). [2] Although Congress attempted to draft the legislation so as not to interfere with the sovereign powers of the states guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, the Supreme Court held the 1934 Act unconstitutional as an improper interference with the sovereignty of the states. Seward then sends a letter to Arthur, telling him that Lucy's condition is worse and that Van Helsing is coming to attend her. 9 filings by year data from the American Bankruptcy Institute, Ohio Local Government Fiscal Emergency/Fiscal Watch Law Fact Sheet, Municipal Bankruptcy in Perspective, A Joint Publication of PAR and BGR, Michigan Public Act 72 of 1990, Local Government Fiscal Responsibility Act, and the Appointment of Emergency Financial Managers, Municipal Bankruptcy in Alabama - Kerem Deal, AN EXAMINATION OF MUNICIPAL FINANCE REFORM REGARDING MUNICIPAL BANKRUPTCIES IN THE UNITED STATES - Kerem Deal, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Bankruptcy Basics -- Municipality Bankruptcy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chapter_9,_Title_11,_United_States_Code&oldid=987087259, Government units that have filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2012, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing expert attention from June 2009, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with dead external links from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hamilton Creek Metropolitan District, a quasi-municipal corporation in, West Contra Costa Healthcare District, California, Hardeman County Memorial Hospital, Quanah, Texas, Mendocino Coast Healthcare District, California, The West Jefferson Amusement and Public Park Authority owner of VisionLand Park now known as, Connector 2000 Association, operator of the, Richmond Unified School District, California, 1991, In 1991, the petition for relief filed by the, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 20:54. The entire novel, then, is, to a large degree, held together by Harker's journal, and his observations become instrumental in resolving the mystery of Dracula. Observing Lucy's condition, Van Helsing frantically realizes that she must be given an immediate blood transfusion or she will die.

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